The Cambridge Bishop: Sir Isaac Newton.
Isaac Newton (1642 – 1727), mathematician and physicist, matriculated for a law degree at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1661, working in parallel as a personal servant to wealthier students to finance his studies. Only eight years later, he was already appointed senior fellow, and became the second Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge.
Isaac Newton was knighted in 1705.
His academic contributions, especially developing calculus, the law of universal gravitation, the laws of motion, and optics, have made Newton one of the most influential scientists of all time.
There is evidence that the incident with the falling apple did happen, although it didn´t hit Newton on the head. It inspired him to form the question, whether the force guiding an apple straight down to earth could extend much further, even to the moon. A descendant of Newton´s tree can be seen in front of Trinity College, Cambridge.
The playing piece is modelled after a statue from the Main Court of the Oxford University Museum of Natural History. The museum, established in 1850, houses a significant collection of geological and zoological specimens and was the setting of the ‘great debate´ regarding Darwin´s theory of evolution.